Have you ever seen someone getting out of a car that has parked in spot reserved for the disabled and look totally healthy? And then assumed this person was a cheat?
This is the case for many people who hold a disabled parking permit and face criticism and weird looks from bypassers.
According to the law, disabled parking permits can be given to:
- Persons who are or will be at a later age, eligible to receive a Heavy Physical Disability allowance.
- Blind persons.
- Persons with disabilities who receive or will receive at a later age, a state allowance to buy a car.
- Persons whose disability was caused by amputation or a serious weakness of the upper and/or lower limbs and whose permanent degree of disability exceeds 39%.
- Disabled persons under the provisions of the Law for the Relief of Patients.
- Persons with intellectual disabilities.
- Organisations that provide care to persons with disabilities of the above groups and use cars to transport them.
Also, disabled parking permits can be requested by people who suffer from Rare Diseases. According to Eurordis, a rare disease, also referred to as an orphan disease, is any disease that affects a small percentage of the population.
Most rare diseases are genetic, and are present throughout a person’s entire life, even if symptoms do not immediately appear. In Europe a disease or disorder is defined as rare when it affects less than 1 in 2000 citizens.
While an individual disease might be labelled as “rare”, the total number of persons in Europe suffering from one of the over 6000 different identified rare diseases is estimated at over 30 million.
An individual rare disease may affect only one person in a million, but all together, rare disease patients comprise 6% to 8 % of the EU population.
In Cyprus, around 70,000 people are estimated to be living with a Rare Disease.
Rare Diseases in Cyprus are:
- Myasthenia Gravis.
- Huntington Disease
- Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy
- Cystic fibrosis
- Retinitis Pigmentosa
- Marfan Syndrome
- Sickle Cell Anemia
- Joubert syndrome
- Friedreich’s ataxia
- Glutamic Oxyurea Type I
- Charge Syndrome
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Congenital Immunodeficiency Syndromes
- Rare rheumatisms
- Tay-Sachs Syndrome
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Congenital Heart Diseases
- Nodular Sclerosis