Lefkosia is situated practically in the centre of Cyprus and constitutes a rich cultural hub. The history of the city dates back to the Bronze age. In antiquity and in early Christian times it was known as Ledra. It has been the capital of Cyprus since the late Byzantine period (11th century). The Lusignans transformed it into a splendid town, with royal palaces and 50 churches. Contemporary Lefkosia combines the historic past with the liveliness of a modern city. The city centre, the old “Chora”, surrounded by 16th century walls, with museums, old churches and medieval buildings, maintains the leisurely atmosphere of yesteryear. Outside the walls, the modern town with its contemporary comforts pulsates to cosmopolitan rhythms. Lefkosia remains the only divided capital in the world. A few kilometres into the countryside one can admire superb Byzantine churches and monasteries.