Cyprus ranked last in government expenditure on health in 2015, and 8th in the EU 28 in education-related government expenditure, according to an infographic published by Eurostat.
According to Eurostat, in 2015, over €716 billion of general government expenditure was spent by the member states on education. This figure is equivalent to almost 5% (4.9%) of the EU’s GDP. ‘Education’ is the fourth largest item of public expenditure, after ‘social protection’ (19.2%), ‘health’ (7.2%) and ‘general public services’ such as external affairs and public debt transactions (6.2%).
In 2015, the ratio to GDP of government expenditure for education varied by more than one to two across the EU member states. Overall, 18 of the 28 member states recorded a ratio of 5% or more.
At the lower end was Romania (3.1%), followed by Ireland (3.7%), Bulgaria and Italy (both 4.0%), Spain (4.1%), Germany and Slovakia (both 4.2%) as well as Greece (4.3%).
In contrast, Denmark (7.0%) spent the most in relative terms, ahead of Sweden (6.5%), Belgium (6.4%), Finland (6.2%), Estonia (6.1%), Latvia and Portugal (both 6.0%).
Expenditure of more than €2500 per inhabitant was registered in Luxembourg (€4685), Denmark (€3368) and Sweden (€2977).
At the opposite end of the scale, expenditure stood below €500 per inhabitant in Romania (€248), Bulgaria (€250) and Croatia (€494). On average in 2015, expenditure on `education` amounted to €1405 per inhabitant in the EU.
In 2015, nearly €1058 billion of general government expenditure was spent by the EU member states on `health`. This figure is equivalent to 7.2% of the EU`s GDP. `Health` is the second largest item of public expenditure, after `social protection` (19.2%).
In 2015, the ratio of government expenditure for health to GDP varied across EU member states. At the lower end was Cyprus (2.6%), followed by Latvia (3.8%), Romania (4.2%), Greece (4.5%), Luxembourg (4.6%) and Poland (4.7%). In contrast, Denmark (8.6%), France (8.2%), Austria and the Netherlands (both 8.0 %) spent the most in relative terms.
The ranking is quite different when the amounts spent are compared with the population of each member state. On average in 2015, expenditure on health amounted to €2076 per inhabitant in the EU.
The member states that spent above €3000 per inhabitant were Luxembourg (€4112), Denmark (€4094), the Netherlands (€3194), Sweden (€3170), Austria (€3149), Ireland (€3138) and the United Kingdom (€3020).
At the opposite end of the scale, spending stood below €600 per inhabitant in Romania (€340), Bulgaria (€343), Latvia (€468), Poland (€520), Cyprus (€532) and Hungary (€592).